Global Political Agreement Zimbabwe

Upplagt den 2021-04-10 · Upplagt i Okategoriserade

The parties held discussions on portfolio allocation on September 18, but according to Chamisa, the MDC spokesman, no agreement was reached and ”the matter was referred to the negotiators.” [74] Negotiators met on 19 September, but according to Chamisa, they could not reach an agreement. Chamisa stated that ZANU-PF had a ”take-up, take and take mentality” and that it wanted to retain all major portfolios, while the MDC preferred a ”give and take” situation in which the main portfolios would be distributed equitably. [75] In particular, the MDC wanted to control the financial portfolio on the grounds that the economy was disastrous, which ZANU-PF objected to. [76] On October 11, The Herald published an official list showing the allocation of ministries to the three parties; Defence, home affairs, foreign affairs, justice and local authorities were among the 14 portfolios allocated to ZANU-PF. The 13 MDC-T portfolios included constitutional and parliamentary issues, economic planning and investment promotion, labour and social affairs, sport, arts and culture, and science and technological development, while the three MDC-M portfolios were cited as education, regional integration and international cooperation, industry and trade. According to The Herald, only the Ministry of Finance remained controversial, and he said Mbeki would travel to Zimbabwe to help negotiate the deal. The endowments published in The Herald were not approved by the MDC-T, which totally rejected them. MDC spokesman Chamisa condemned the publication of the list as ”unilateral, contemptuous and revolting” and said that such an imbalance in the size of ZANU-PF`s portfolios would effectively give the government control. He warned that ZANU-PF`s ”arrogance” would ”endanger the agreement.” [91] At a rally in Harare on 12 October, Tsvangirai said that MDC-T would withdraw from the agreement if ZANU-PF did not give in to the allocation of ministries. Edwin Mushoriwa, spokesman for the MDC, also rejected the list of departments assigned and said it was a ”hallucination on the part of ZANU-PF.” [92] On 28 August, Deputy Information Minister Bright Matonga said Mugabe intended to form a cabinet and said it was necessary for the country to move forward, improve the economy and alleviate suffering. According to Matonga, Mugabe had obtained a mandate from the SADC.

Meanwhile, MDC spokesman Biti said the formation of a cabinet would mean ”killing the talks” and that it would be ”a disaster and an act of madness” if Mugabe tried to ”go alone.” He also said that the MDC had planned to write to Mbeki to protest against the alleged violations of the provisional Agreement of July by Mugabe. Some observers have speculated that Mugabe, in announcing his intention to form a cabinet, tried to force the MDC to accept the power-sharing conditions advocated by ZANU-PF. [48] The ZANU-PF and MDC delegations met separately with Mbeki on 29 August. The next day, The Herald reported that ZANU-PF had rejected a new proposal from the MDC that Mugabe and Tsvangirai would co-chair the cabinet. The herald denounced the proposal as ”absurd” and ”insolent” and said it showed ”overwhelming ignorance of the functioning of government.” [49] MDC spokesman Chamisa said on 31 August that two days earlier ”nothing had been achieved” and that negotiators had returned to Zimbabwe. [51] The President of the Executive Council of the African Union, Tanzanian Foreign Minister Bernard Membe, said on 2 September that the African Union hoped that an immediate agreement to allow a uniform division of power between ZANU-PF and the MDC would remain possible. [52] Mugabe returned to Zimbabwe on 29 September by the United Nations.